The History of #Screen #Printing - Thanks Mr. #Warhol
Researched by Fancy Hands
-Screen printing first appeared in a recognizable form in China during the Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD).
-Screen printing was largely introduced to Western Europe from Asia sometime in the late 18th century, but did not gain large acceptance or use in Europe until silk mesh was more available for trade from the east and a profitable outlet for the medium discovered.
-Screen printing was first patented in England by Samuel Simon in 1907.
-In the early 1900s in the western world, screen printing was mostly used to make expensive wall paper.
-Early in the 1910s, Roy Beck, Charles Peter and Edward Owens studied and experimented with chromic acid salt sensitized emulsions for photo-reactive stencils, which would later prove to revolutionize the commercial screen printing industry by introducing photo-imaged stencils to the industry, though the acceptance of this method would take many years.
-Joseph Ulano founded the industry chemical supplier Ulano and in 1928 created a method of applying a lacquer soluble stencil material to a removable base. This stencil material was cut into shapes, the print areas removed and the remaining material adhered to mesh to create a sharp edged screen stencil.
-A group of artists who later formed the National Serigraphic Society coined the word Serigraphy in the 1930s to differentiate the artistic application of screen printing from the industrial use of the process. “Serigraphy” is a combination word from the Latin word “Seri” (silk) and the Greek word “graphein” (to write or draw).
-Credit is generally given to the artist Andy Warhol for popularizing screen printing identified as serigraphy, in the United States. Warhol is particularly identified with his 1962 depiction of actress Marilyn Monroe screen printed in garish colors.
-American entrepreneur, artist and inventor Michael Vasilantone would start to use, develop, and sell a rotary multicolor garment screen printing machine in 1960, which was patented in 1967 and lead to the fad of printing on t-shirts.
-In June 1986, Marc Tartaglia, Marc Tartaglia Jr. and Michael Tartaglia created a silk screening device which is defined in its US Patent Document as, “Multi-colored designs are applied on a plurality of textile fabric or sheet materials with a silk screen printer having seven platens arranged in two horizontal rows below a longitudinal heater which is movable across either row.”
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